What information is required to establish a discretionary trust
A discretionary trust is also known as the family trust is a trust fund where the beneficiaries do not have a fixed interest or a fixed entitlement to the fund. It offers the trustee the power or the discretion making him/her the one to determine the beneficiaries and how much income and capital they will each receive when the fund matures. The trustee does not have the overall discretion but can only distribute the funds among the trustees within the nominated class as stated by the trust deed. Once the discretionary trust has been set up and established, it is essential to seek professional advice so that you may understand all the terms of the trust and also get the necessary advice. Here are the main discretionary trust appointees who are required in the trust fund.
A settlor is the person who comes up with the idea of creating a trust fund, goes ahead to create the fund and settles the sum amount of money or the property they desire on the trust for their beneficiaries. The settlor cannot become part of the beneficiary under the trust fund and has no further obligation after the establishment.
The trustee is usually the legal owner of the fund though not in the list of the beneficiaries and performs all the legal transactions and signs all the document for the benefits of the beneficiaries. Therefore it is necessary to appoint the trustee who can be a corporate trustee or natural person. Corporate trustees have more advantages in managing the trust assets because it becomes easier to differentiate between the personal assets and trust. For example, Bob Down Trust is on the title deeds for House 1 whereas Bob Down is on the title deed for House 2, this is simpler as you can be able to identify which party owns the specific asset.
On the other hand, if a natural person trustee is there, it’s not easy to distinguish. Example, if Bob Down is the trustee whereas he owns the house, then it is definitely that his name in the title of house 1 (the trust asset) and the same name is in the title for house 2 (his assets). This situation causes challenges when it comes to accounting purposes, and one of the dangers comes when the trust cannot repay his debt, he/she can argue that their asset might be used to repay the debts of the trust.
He is the appointed person and mandated the power to appoint or replace the trustees of the trust fund. He can be single, or two people appointed jointly.
The trust deed provides various types of beneficiaries who are stated.
Specified beneficiaries who you nominate as the legal beneficiaries of the fund
Other beneficiaries may include grandparents, brothers, parents, spouses, children, the widows and widowers, aunts and uncles, children and grandchildren of the specified beneficiaries. Others could be widows and widowers, children and grandchildren, uncles, aunts and cousins, spouses, children of brothers and sisters of the general beneficiaries.
Such people can be appointed by the trustee with the consent of the Guardian and does not matter whether they are members of another trust elsewhere or if they are subject to the conditions of the trust or not. Any charity or corporation at least shares an interest in which they are beneficiaries.